Easing the Burden of People Living with HIV in Cambodia through Differentiated Models of Care

Related Global Health Areas
November 12, 2021
Lead Paragraph/Summary

In 2016, the government of Cambodia set a goal of eliminating new HIV infections by 2025. It began by successfully carrying out a "Test and Treat" policy, adapted from the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, to promptly enroll HIV-positive individuals in antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens. The Cambodia National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD (NCHADS) then issued a letter to all ART sites recommending access for stable patients to two differentiated care models – multi-month dispensing (MMD) of antiretroviral (ARV) treatment and appointment spacing. With MMD, patients receive three to six months of ARV treatment and, at the same time, patients’ appointments are spaced out, reducing the burden of multiple visits on the patient and the health facility.

Cover of Cambodia MOH SOP on MMD
Cover of Cambodia MOH SOP on MMD
Cambodia’s Ministry of Health’s Standard Operating Procedures on multi-month dispensing or MMD.
Body Text

To evaluate the performance of this new approach, in 2019, the USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project alongside NCHADS conducted a rapid assessment in four provinces, finding that ARV appointment spacing techniques were already implemented at some sites, but not all. The project followed up by providing support and guidance to these health facility sites to ensure that they had the capacity and stock to achieve the target of five to six months of ARV spacing. Based on the results, GHSC-PSM recommended the development of MMD Standard Operation Procedures (SOP).

GHSC-PSM then partnered with the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other stakeholders, including LINKAGES and CHAI, to develop the SOPs and accompanying materials. GHSC-PSM alongside in-country partners designed job aides for ARV appointment-spacing and the MMD SOP in both English and Khmer. NCHADS approved and endorsed the documents in January 2020.

Thanks to the hard work of GHSC-PSM in Cambodia and partners, by September 2020, all 69 ART sites were conducting onsite orientations and workshops dedicated to scaling up MMD and disseminating the SOP.

By June 2020, 58 percent of patients at PEPFAR-supported sites received MMD. With the MMD ARV delivery model, service efficiency increases and decreases congestion at health facilities by reducing clients' time traveling to facilities and reducing patient wait times. Through the development and roll-out of the MMD SOP, Cambodia and NCHADs have bettered the care and treatment of people living with HIV.