Un-stuck in the Mud

Sub Title
Angola distributes anti-malaria supplies despite challenging terrain
Related Global Health Areas
November 7, 2021
Lead Paragraph/Summary

Octávio Longuenza is not one to shy away from tough jobs. He spends up to three months working underground in the diamond mines in Angola’s Lunda-sul Province, followed by three months above ground working other jobs, including as a driver to deliver malaria supplies to communities in Lunda-sul. Octávio’s willingness to get his hands dirty is a welcome trait when it comes to driving delivery trucks around Angola during the rainy malaria season.


In 2019, nearly 7 million Angolans contracted malaria and 13.6 thousand died from this preventable and curable disease . In the 16 years since Angola became one of the first U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) focus countries, these numbers have seen steady improvement . Yet, standing water left behind by the rainy season leads to spikes in malaria cases in Lunda-sul Province.

In February 2021, heavy rains in Malanje and Lunda-sul provinces in Angola left many health facilities cut off from the provincial warehouses, right in the middle of the malaria season, leaving them low on supplies. Many of the provinces’ facilities are in remote areas and don’t have the infrastructure to store any more than the equivalent of three months’ worth of malaria test kits, medicines, or long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINS).

Under the coordination of the Provincial Malaria Control Program, with funding from PMI and in collaboration with the Municipal Directorates of Health, the USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project developed a plan to deliver the products to health facilities.

The project first consulted regular road users and assessed which roads were washed out and which remained accessible and ensured they had vehicles equipped with four-wheel drive and knowledgeable drivers to navigate what would certainly be bumpy, muddy terrain. Having worked with Octávio in the past, the project knew his dynamic personality and collaborative nature would make him the perfect person for this rainy-day job.

Unstuck in the mud photo 2

Octávio Longuenza and Paulino Mbundo dig their pick-up truck out of the mud in Lunda-sul Province, Angola. Photo Credit: Dra. Helena Cavuma, Director of Municipal Health.

Well-equipped pick-up trucks set out from the provincial warehouses determined to deliver the malaria supplies to the health facilities within 10 days. The trucks carried waterproof tarps for rainy driving, equipment to release the trucks from the mud if they got stuck, and food and water for the drivers as they traveled over long stretches of back roads. Octávio and his fellow drivers would be carefully navigating roads with muddy potholes the size of small ponds.

Even before their first delivery, the Lunda-sul pickup truck could no longer resist the suction of the sticky red mud. Thankfully, the delivery team had anticipated this: they were going to have to get out and get their hands dirty. Octávio and the GHSC-PSM Malaria Technical Advisor Paulino Mbundo jumped into action by digging a path in front of each wheel, then laid wooden planks to help the truck regain traction. Three hours later, they were finally on their way again.

Expected weather delays continued to impact deliveries to the next 16 health facilities in Lunda-sul. When Octávio and Paulino arrived at empty health facilities that had closed for the day, they knew they would be spending the night in the nearest town, watching over their precious cargo. Many of the health facilities are remote with limited phone connectivity which made communication challenging. They would simply show up to try again the next day. Despite these delays, the team finally completed their deliveries fourteen days after they’d set out. Additionally, the project’s Technical Advisor provided on-the-job training to the facilities’ health technicians on how to effectively manage stock and how to correctly fill in stock registers. The Malanje delivery team faced similar delivery obstacles. Ten days after starting out, they had completed their trip.

Despite long days driving over rough roads, manual labor to keep the trucks on solid ground, and frequent rescheduling with health staff, Octávio and the rest of the delivery teams distributed all the malaria test kits, anti-malarial medicines, and LLINs to 32 of 36 health facilities in Malanje Province and 45 of 59 health facilities in Lunda-sul Province, improving the availability of antimalarial supplies and ensuring patients receive the care they need. Although the eighteen remaining facilities in these provinces remained inaccessible, GHSC-PSM coordinated additional deliveries a few weeks later to guarantee the availability of malaria commodities at these health facilities.

“I am happy to know that patients are able to go to their consultation and have treatment for free. Muddy roads, holes everywhere and rain does not matter. We all have a sense of happiness to see our duty accomplished, which is saving lives.” - Délcio Alberto Fernando Serafim GHSC-PSM, Provincial Malaria Supply Chain Advisor, Malanje

Unstuck in the mud photo 3

A health technician in Lunda-sul Province, Angola signs off on receipt of anti-malarial supplies and receives on-the-job training. Photo Credit: GHSC-PSM.