Logistics

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Man at conveyor belt
Man at conveyor belt
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Photo Credit: USAID Zambia
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Dedicated warehousing, transportation, waste management, and IT professionals work to achieve the USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project's mission of providing an uninterrupted supply of the highest quality health commodities delivered on time for an efficient cost. Our global health supply chain uses a fourth party logistics (4PL) model to ensure access to a broader base of potential logistics providers, increased market transparency, reduced procurement costs and order cycle times, and greater backend integration and electronic data interchange.

Our teams secure:
 

  • end-to-end optimization and data visibility with the right combination of suppliers and partners to secure access and competition;
  • the right mix of regional distribution center locations for minimizing transportation costs; and
  • reduced negative environmental impacts by improving health care waste management
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Country Logistics
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At the country level, we devise tailored approaches to improve supply chain logistics for each country, including segmenting our distribution strategy by end-user needs. Our teams’ expertise includes distribution/transportation, warehousing/inventory, management information systems, and waste management specialists, who work closely with ministries of health and other government officials to think through warehouse network and distribution route optimization, outsourcing or public-private partnerships, vendor-managed inventory, mobile applications, turnkey modular facilities, and other opportunities to raise the bar for strengthening supply chains.

The vision is to improve each country’s ability to provide last-mile services while identifying areas for strengthening governance, frameworks, and financing systems for logistics.

The use of unmanned aerial vehicle delivery and low-cost technologies like GPS trackers and mobile applications to create a supply chain control tower are some of the innovations we’re exploring to help our partner countries stay on the leading edge of supply chain logistics. 

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Regional Distribution Center Network Optimization
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GHSC-PSM inherited a supply chain system with five regional warehouses servicing a limited set of health commodities. In 2016, the project completed a thorough modeling exercise to determine the optimal placement of our regional distribution centers. Using historic data of  shipments from previous projects,  the modeling exercise generated demand scenarios through 2020 for 19 product groups with high demand, high value, and long production lead time.

The optimization exercise strategically placed three regional warehouses for all health commodities procured by the project.

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Automated Requisition Tracking Management Information System
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The project’s electronic data exchange occurs through the Automated Requisition Tracking Management Information System (ARTMIS), which allows for:

 

  • central management of sourcing events;
  • real-time, per-transaction stock monitoring;
  • efficient, automated distribution and replenishment orders; and
  • regular assigned alerts on shipment statuses. 

 

ARTMIS also provides the opportunity to analyze data regularly for continuous improvements and more transparency on key performance indicators.

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Global Standard (GS1) Barcodes
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Integrating GS1 barcodes into our systems is a key goal for GHSC-PSM. These barcodes will enable tracking and tracing commodities across the supplier base and through country logistics management information systems.

News & Highlights

Innovations
March 22, 2017
Working with GLOBHE, the project team recently completed an in-depth landscape analysis of the various actors, objectives, and lessons learned from use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the development context. The analysis included six key case studies of UAVs used in health supply chains in…
Success Stories
November 8, 2017
In early April, heavy rain and floods in Malawi’s Karonga district led to three fatalities, three missing persons, many damaged or destroyed homes, and 712 collapsed pit latrines. About 5,500 residents from 828 affected households were moved into temporary camps. With funding from the U.S.…
Success Stories
November 10, 2017
In just four weeks, 1.4 million school children across nine regions in Ghana found themselves newly protected from malaria. This expedited distribution is the direct result of the USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project’s updated approach to the…

Success Stories

October 10, 2018
Guinea’s Ministry of Health (MoH) puts information at the heart of decision-making. The country’s existing Logistics Management Information System (LMIS) provides users data to ensure that health facilities and patients have access to the health products they need. To help revitalize the system,…
September 11, 2018
In the early 2000’s, three of Catherine Nalungwe’s children died one after another before the age of three. The cause of the children’s death became a source of pain and confusion for the family. Catherine later tested positive for HIV in 2002, but she had no access to treatment through nearby…
August 30, 2018
The USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project worked with local government, USAID, and other partners to reduce typically long and inconsistent lead times for importing health commodities from as much as eight weeks to an average of four. This…