Malaria

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Mother & Child with Malaria Netting in Tanzania
Mother & Child with Malaria Netting in Tanzania
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Photo Credit: Maggie Hallahan
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Over the past 15 years, the global health community has achieved the remarkable feat of reducing the rate of malaria deaths by 57 percent. In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria no longer is the leading cause of mortality in children under the age of 5. Yet this disease still claims the lives of nearly 500,000 children every year (WHO 2015 Malaria Report).

The USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project strives to reduce the burden of malaria in keeping with the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) and USAID’s maternal and child health and infectious disease goals. Strong malaria supply chains ensure that the global community can respond to changing on-the-ground health needs and evolving care guidelines.

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Core Activities
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Building on a decade of work by PMI, USAID, and implementing partners to strengthen local capacity in malaria supply chains, GHSC-PSM works with local partners to provide new approaches to strategic planning, logistics, data visibility and analytics, and capacity building, along with technical leadership to strengthen the global supply, demand, financing, and introduction of existing and future malaria commodities.

The project supports local partners to forecast and quantify their needs in all health areas, and to strengthen their logistics management and distribution systems, including warehousing, transport, and distribution systems.

Currently, USAID missions in 16 countries have requested a mix of technical assistance and commodity procurement support from the project. Current country presence includes: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Ghana, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Regional Development Mission for Asia, Rwanda, South Sudan, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

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Key Commodities
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Key commodities include:
 

  • Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs)
  • Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs)
  • Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
  • Severe Malaria medicines
  • Other pharmaceutical products
  • Long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs)
  • All other non-pharmaceuticals
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Global Goals
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GHSC-PSM supports PMI's and USAID’s implementation of malaria programs through the procurement, management, and delivery of high-quality, safe, and effective malaria commodities. When it was launched in 2005, the PMI goal was to reduce malaria-related mortality by 50 percent across 15 high-burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa through a rapid scale-up of four proven and highly effective malaria prevention and treatment measures: insecticide-treated mosquito nets; indoor residual spraying; accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; and intermittent preventive treatment of pregnant women.

Given the program’s success, in 2011 four new countries in sub-Saharan Africa and one regional program in the Greater Mekong Subregion of Southeast Asia were added. PMI subsequently developed a 2015-2020 strategy, which aims to work with PMI-supported countries and partners to further reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria morbidity toward the long-term goal of elimination.

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Strategic Partnerships
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USAID is committed to sharing data, information, knowledge, and supply chain best practices through GHSC-PSM. The project leads data collection for the Procurement Planning and Monitoring Report for malaria (PPMRm) to address potential supply challenges and reduce stockouts.

To further strengthen malaria supply chains, the project engages with key partners like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria; the Roll Back Malaria Partnership; the World Health Organization; the Clinton Health Access Initiative; and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The project’s market dynamics efforts aim to further shape and strengthen the market for LLINs, RDTs, ACTs, and other key commodities. Based on needs identified through market dynamics analysis, GHSC-PSM advocates for changes in policy and practice.

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Tools & Additional Resources
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News & Highlights

Success Stories
June 3, 2020
When a mother takes her daughter to the health clinic because of a fever and learns she needs to treat her for malaria, she trusts that the medicine the nurse gives her is safe and effective. For the nearly 228 million malaria cases in 2018, healthcare workers implicitly relied on quality assurance…
Success Stories
May 28, 2020
Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) campaigns are a key tool for many developing countries to prevent malaria in children under 5 years of age. SMC relies on four monthly doses of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and amodiaquine (SPAQ) for young children in preparation for rainy seasons in areas of…
News Article
May 8, 2020
USAID’s Midterm Review of the USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project reaffirmed the project’s progress in strengthening supply chains and success in providing much-needed access to essential medicines. GHSC-PSM was created to “ensure…

Success Stories

June 4, 2020
When a mother takes her daughter to the health clinic because of a fever and learns she needs to treat her for malaria, she trusts that the medicine the nurse gives her is safe and effective. For the nearly 228 million…
May 28, 2020
Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) campaigns are a key tool for many developing countries to prevent malaria in children under 5 years of age. SMC relies on four monthly doses of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and amodiaquine (SPAQ) for young children in preparation for rainy seasons in areas of…
March 18, 2020
Burkina Faso faces various health outbreaks every year. From meningitis to measles, to dengue, the list of infectious diseases likely to occur is long and disturbing. With the possibility of such outbreaks, the country is improving prevention and response by: Pre-positioning health commodities…